316 steel sheet

Drag to rearrange sections.
Rich Text Content

The first thing that comes to mind when you hear the word steel is anti-corrosion. The anti-corrosion and anti-corrosion properties of steel are one of its biggest advantages and features. Stainless steel is a general term for a family of corrosion-resistant alloy steels containing 10.5% or more of chromium.

All stainless steels have high corrosion resistance. This corrosion resistance is due to the presence of chromium-rich oxide films that are naturally formed on the steel surface. Although this oxide film is very thin, despite being invisible and ineffective, it adheres completely to the metal and protects it in a wide range of corrosive environments. This layer has the ability to self-repair quickly in the presence of oxygen and quickly repairs damage caused by wear, cutting or machining.

Here we are going to talk about 316 stainless steel sheet among its family of high-strength stainless steels and learn more about its features and capabilities. Follow us to know more.

Stainless steel and its advantages

Stainless steel or stainless steel has advantages and features that include:

Corrosion resistance:

All stainless steels have high corrosion resistance. Low alloy grades are resistant to corrosion in atmospheric conditions. But high-grade alloys can resist corrosion in most acids, alkaline solutions, and chloride-containing environments, even at high temperatures and pressures.

High and low temperature resistance:

Some grades are resistant to scale formation and show high resistance at very high temperatures. While others show exceptional resistance at refrigeration temperatures.

Flexibility and ease: 

Most stainless steels are easily used in cutting, welding, molding, machining and manufacturing and have good ductility.

Strength  -  Strength:

Cold-forming properties of many stainless steels can be used in the design to reduce material thickness and reduce weight and cost. Others may need to be heat treated to produce high-strength components.

Aesthetic attraction:

Stainless steel is found on many exterior and final surfaces and is easily and simply maintained; As a result, it has a pleasant and quality appearance.

Health properties:

The cleanliness of stainless steel makes it the first choice in hospitals, kitchens and equipment and facilities related to the food and pharmaceutical industries.

Durability and long life characteristics:

Stainless steel is a durable, low-maintenance material, and is often a safe and valuable choice because of its high strength, durability, and low cost.  

 Steel 316

In addition to chromium, nickel, molybdenum, titanium, and niobium, other elements may be added in varying amounts to stainless steels to produce a wide range of grades of stainless steel, each with different properties.

There are several categories, but all stainless steels can be divided into five main categories:

Austeniteferriteduplexmartensite  and  hardening sediment

Here, because we are talking about 316 steel, which is stainless steel or stainless steel austenitic, we will not deal with other cases.

Austenitic stainless steels; They are part of the largest group of stainless steel steels in the world and have a wide variety of applications. This group has a wide range of applications in the manufacture of equipment related to the food, hospital and pharmaceutical industries. Austenite and ferrite grades cover 95% of the world's stainless steel applications.

Properties of austenitic and steel 316

When enough nickel is added to the stainless steel, the crystal structure turns into "austenite". The main constituents of austenitic stainless steels are 18% chromium and 8% nickel. Austenitic grades are the most widely used stainless steels, accounting for more than 70% of production.

Basic properties:

  • Excellent corrosion resistance
  • Excellent weldability (all processes)
  • Ductility, buildability and excellent ductility
  • Excellent cleaning and hygienic properties
  • Low and high temperature resistance
  • Non-magnetic (in case of annealing)
  • Hardenable only in cold and low temperatures

 Consumption of  steel sheet  316

  • Food processing and production equipment
  • Beverage production equipment
  • Chemical and petrochemical equipment
  • Bench and laboratory equipment
  • Coastal Architecture Paintings
  • Coastal Fencing
  • Boat fittings
  • Chemical transport containers
  • Heat Exchangers
  • Extraction pages
  • Bolts
  • Spring
  • Medical implants
  • Water tanks and plumbing
  • Oil and gas, energy and power industries
  • Architecture and construction
  • Transportation and railways
  • Steel boilers and tanks

With full acquaintance with the austenitic steel group, we intend to pay special attention to 316 steel sheet;

1.4401 and 1.4404 stainless steels are also known as 316 and 316L grades, respectively. Steel 316 is a type of stainless steel containing molybdenum that improves corrosion resistance. This is especially evident for cavities and gap corrosion in chloride media. The 316 stainless steel austenitic structure has excellent resistance even at refrigeration temperatures.

 316 steel is easily formed into wire or roll and is used in various industries, architecture and transportation. It also has a high ability in welding; So that when welding thin sections, no need to bake.

316 steel sheet

Has; Density 8 g / cm3

Melting point 1400 degrees Celsius

 Thermal expansion 15.9 x10 ^ -6 / K

Thermal conductivity of 16.3 watts per cubic meter

The electrical resistance is 0.74 x10 ^ -6 Ω .m.

Chemical composition of steel 316

Chemical elements

Percentage %

Carbon (C)

0.0 - 0.07

Chrome (Cr)

16.50 - 18.50

Molybdenum (Mo)

2.00 - 2.50

Silicon (Si)

0.0 - 1.00

Phosphorus (P)

0.0 - 0.05

Sulfur (S)

0.0 - 0.02

Nickel (Ni)

10.00 - 13.00

Manganese (Mn)

0.0 - 2.00

Nitrogen (N)

0.0 - 0.11

Iron (Fe)


It should be noted that 316 steel sheet with a thickness of 8 mm has a tensile strength of 530 to 680 and a stress tolerance of at least 240 MPa.

Steel sheet price 316

Due to the various applications of steel sheet in different industries and their different characteristics, including 316 steel sheet, there is no uniform and fixed price for this product. You can find out about this by calling and inquiring by phone with the experts of Metal Kala Company, who are committed to serving. For example, rolling or hot-rolling 316 steel sheet and supplying it from different companies is one of the factors affecting its price globally.

Metal goods company

Metal Kala Company with more than 25 useful and successful experiences in the field of import, sale and services of cutting, scratching, coating and packing all kinds of stainless steel sheets (stainless steel), with a strong and committed staff and familiar with trade relations and affairs. Customs and clearance of goods and contracts related to this industry, is ready to provide services to you, dear customers, and you can easily visit the company's website at felez.org or call the company's services and contact Use the useful and powerful connections of this company with reputable foreign companies, Asrinox Spain, Daewoo and Posco South Korea, VC Inox and Yusko Taiwan and Tisco and Columbus, get the products you need.

Drag to rearrange sections.
Rich Text Content

Page Comments